When working with cutting techniques, specifications as well as demands cannot be more different: Every branch has its own specialties and expertise. Precision, speed and quality have to go hand in hand with the right material treatment which leads to a trade-off from time to time. It is therefore extraordinarily important to choose proper tools providing an adequate quality in order to conclude successfully and achieve the results that are required individually. Machining is dependent on suitable cutting tools which can be found in various variations and options. Let’s obtain an overview and take a quick look on 5 tool types of machining one need to know.
5 tool types of machining
Spot drilling, center drilling, indexable insert drills or spindle tools: There’s many possibilities to create holes on component faces. It is good advice to check one’s own requirements in detail beforehand: Length, cutting diameter or the corner radius are just a few of many parameters to take into consideration. Also, the kind of material determines the options of drilling tools (e.g. stainless steel, non-ferrous metals or hardened steel).
In general, a milling operation describes a process of material removal, removing unwanted material from a part. It is mainly used to produce parts that are not axially symmetric, as in fine tuning. Required is a milling machine as well as fixture and cutter. With consideration of material and dimensions, it is to be noted that milling tools are able to add precision to parts that have already been formed.
The process of turning operations is applied when creating rotational parts by removing unwanted material off a part. A turning machine is required as well as a fixture and cutting tool. A workpiece is connected with the fixture and furthermore to the turning machine that ensures high-speed rotation. Features can be added and refined by a turning tool.
When thread cutting, one wants to create screwed connections between parts. Helical turns of threads are removed in order to create a hole or bolt. Different variations of threads can be found, such as vee thread, knuckle thread or saw-tooth thread.It is important to make use of suitable taps and thread formers, dies, turning tools and cutting oils or pastes in order to achieve best possible results.
Last but not least, workpiece clamping is not to be underestimated: Clamping elements can be hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical or mechanical. These elements increase productivity immensely and yet have to offer flexibility in themselves. Vices, systems, pallets or towers are just some of the options to be used.